No. 14 — Pages 72-73: Turma da Gafieira | Sérgio Mendes | Altivo Penteado aka Garôto

  • Guio de Moraes — Gente Que Diz de Balanço
    (1964) Continental PPL 12131
  • Orquestra Discastro, Don Bradley, Rubens, Robledo, The Star Boys, Conjunto de Fred & Richard — Grande Baile No. 1
    (196?) Discastro GED-1001
  • Carlos Lyra — Bossa Nova
    (1960) Philips P 630.409 L
  • Garôto — Garôto & Sexteto
    (1966) Farroupilha LPFA-412
  • Dick Farney, Brazilian Jazz Quartet, Tenteto de K-Ximbinho — 2o Concêrto de Jazz de Camera no Teatro Municipal
    (1960) Prestige DLP 2001
  • The Pop’s — The Pop’s
    (1967) Equipe EQ 813
  • The Pop’s — Na Base do Iê, Iê, Iê
    (1966) Equipe EQ 811
  • Turma da Gafieira — Turma da Gafieira
    (1957) Musidisc Hi-Fi 1
  • Chaim Lewak — Para Ouvir Amando N o. 3
    (1959) Som SOLP 40089
  • Sérgio Mendes, Bossa Rio — Você Ainda Não Ouviu Nada (1964) Philips P 632.701 L
  • Cid Gray — Só Samba Sabendo Sambar
    (1961) Continental LPP 3160

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This double-page spread from the book features jazzy sounds by two very different legends: Turma da Gafieira and Sérgio Mendes.

Turma da Gafieira was a highly original all-star band which released only two albums, both in 1957. The cast is not entirely verified, but the debut album Turma da Gafieira presumably features João Leal Brito ‘Britinho’ and Paulinho (Paulo Lima de Jesus?) on piano, Zé Bodega on tenor saxophone, Raul de Barros on trombone, Maurílio Santos on trumpet, Altamiro Carrilho on flute, Sivuca on accordion, Nestor Campos on guitar, Jorge Marinho on bass and Édison Machado on drums. The successor Samba em Hi-Hi supposedly features João Leal Brito ‘Britinho’ and/or Paulinho (Paulo Lima de Jesus?) on piano, Zé Bodega and Cipó on tenor saxophone, Raul de Souza on trombone, Altamiro Carrilho on flute, Sivuca on accordion, Baden Powell on guitar, an unidentified bass and Édison Machado on drums. While the debut featured compositions by Altamiro Carrilho only, the second album was a mix of sambas and popular songs like Conceição, Cauby Peixoto‘s no. 1 hit of 1956. The groups final release in 1962, Melodia… Ritmo… Alegria… Turma da Gafieira, was a compilation of the two original albums.

As members of Turma da Gafieira, Édison Machado introduced his ‘samba no pratos’, the samba rhythm using cymbals, and Sivuca played his scats on the accordion for the first time. Both techniques, although annoying some purists at first, became acclaimed characteristics of these musicians.

Turma da Gafieira’s historical value for Brazil’s popular music is of great importance, since for the first time improvised jazz was recorded to genuine samba rhythms. When bolero, samba-canção, fossa and tango were the dominating styles for ballads, and samba in its many varieties for up-tempo songs, the mixing of jazz improvisations with Brazilian rhythms was way ahead of time. Bossa nova was yet to come, not to mention the subsequent forms of samba-jazz and hard bossa.

Playlist Turma da Gafieira:
1. Samba de Morro (Altamiro Carrilho) from the album Turma da Gafieira (1957)
2. Conceição (Jair Amorim – Valdemar de Abreu ‘Dunga’) from the album Samba em Hi-Fi (1957)
3. Rio Antigo (Altamiro Carrilho) from the album Turma da Gafieira (1957)
4. Meu Sonho é Você (Altamiro Carrilho – Átila Nunes) from the album Turma da Gafieira (1957)
5. Vagabundo (Wilson Batista / Jorge de Castro) from the album Samba em Hi-Fi (1957)

The fabulous art work of Turma da Gafieira, indicating Vera Regina as the cheerful model, is by Joselito with photograph by Mafra.


   

   

   

The art work for Guio de Moraes is by Paulo Brandão.


Sérgio Mendes (*1941) is certainly one of Brazil’s best known musicians, most notably because his fifty-year long career emanated internationally from the US. He intended to be a classical pianist but soon became interested in jazz, especially in pianists like Stan Kenton, Horace Silver and Bill Evans.

In 1961, he debuted with his first album Dance Moderno, conducted by Carlos Monteiro de Souza. In 1962, Sérgio Mendes founded his first group, Bossa Rio Sextet, with Paulo Moura on tenor saxophone, Pedro Paulo on cornet, Durval Ferreira on guitar, Octávio Bailly on bass and Dom Um Romão on drums. Bossa Rio Sextet accompanied Julian ‘Cannonball’ Adderley on his album Cannonball’s Bossa Nova, and was part of the legendary ‘Bossa Nova at Carnegie Hall Concert’ in 1962.

For his 1964 album Você Ainda Não Ouviu Nada, the Bossa Rio Sextet was changed to Bossa Rio with Héctor Costita and Aurino Ferreira on tenor saxophone, Raul de Souza and Ed Maciel on trombone, Sebastião Neto on bass and Édison Machado on drums. Você Ainda Não Ouviu Nada is considered a classic, significantly developing bossa nova into samba-jazz.

After that, the Sérgio Mendes Trio was founded with Sebastião Neto on bass and Édison Machado on drums. Inviting Rosinha de Valença on guitar and Dave Pike on vibraphone for the session, the famous album Quiet Nights was recorded in 1963, but kept in the vaults until 1966 when it was released in the US. With Chico Batera replacing Édison Machado, the Sérgio Mendes Trio recorded the ensuing Bossa Nova York in 1964, with Antônio Carlos Jobim on guitar, Phil Wood on alto saxophone, Art Farmer on fluegelhorn and Hubert Laws on flute. The next year, Sérgio Mendes moved to the US to form Brasil ’65, the first of several successful ‘Brasils’ to come.

Playlist Sérgio Mendes:
1. O Amor em Paz (Antônio Carlos Jobim – Vinícius de Moraes) from the album Você Ainda Não Ouviu Nada (1964)
2. Hô-bá-lá-lá (João Gilberto) from the album Dance Moderno (1961)
3. Quiet Nights (Corcovado) (Antônio Carlos Jobim) from the album Quiet Nights (1963)
4. Vivo Sonhando (Antônio Carlos Jobim) from the album Bossa Nova York (1964)
5. Neurótico (João Theodoro Meirelles) from the album Você Ainda Não Ouviu Nada (1964)

The art work for Você Ainda Não Ouviu Nada is by Licínio Almeida with photographs by Paulo Namorado.


The unidentified art work for Na Base do Iê, Iê, Iê and The Pop’s comes in repetitive layouts.

   

   


It’s hardly impossible to find out more about vibraphonist, pianist and composer Altivo Penteado aka Garôto except the fact that he played with Dick Farney, Breno Sauer and Os Farroupilhas on some albums, but released only one on his own. In 1966, Garôto & Sexteto was recorded with Fernando Tancredi on tenor saxophone and clarion, Paulo Santos on cornet, Augusto R. Rodrigues on guitar, Gabriel Bahlis on bass and Hamilton A. Lima on drums.

Playlist Garôto:
1. Tristeza de Nós Dois (Durval Ferreira – Maurício Einhorn – Bebeto) from the album Garôto & Sexteto (1966)
2. Samba de Verão (Marcos Valle – Paulo Sergio Valle) from the album Garôto & Sexteto (1966)

The art work for Garôto & Sexteto is by Antônio Melero ‘Antoninho’.

Garôto — Garôto & Sexteto

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